As a result of an expanding labour force, the number of unemployed is projected to increase by 1 million every year and reach 174 million by 2020.
Women's participation in the labour force stood at 48 per cent in 2018, compared with 75 percent for men. Around 3 in 5 of the 3.5 billion people in the labour force in 2018 were men.
Some 700 million workers lived in extreme or moderate poverty in 2018, with less than US$3.20 per day.
An estimated 172 million people worldwide were without work in 2018 - an unemployment rate of 5 percent.
Overall, 2 billion workers were in informal employment in 2016, accounting for 61 per cent of the world's workforce.
Many more women than men are underutilized in the labour force—85 million compared to 55 million.